USEFUL ARCHAEOLOGICAL REFERENCES.

 

 

Barich (B.E.) 1978-1979. Lo scavo di Uan Muhuggiag (Teshuinat) e attività di Survey nell’Acacus Settentrionale. Libya antiqua XV-XVI : 305-316, & pl. XCVI-C.

— 1987.  Adaptation in Archaeology : An Example from the Libyan Sahara. In : Prehistory of Arid North Africa. Essays in Honor of Fred Wendorf, Angela Close Ed., Dallas, S.M.U, pp. 189-210.

— 1990. Rock Art and Archaeological Context : The Case of the Tadrart Acacus (Libya). Libyan Studies 21 : 1-8.

— 1998. People, Water and Grain : The Beginnings of Domestication in the Sahara and the Nile Valley. Roma: “L'Ermadi BretschneiderStudia archaeologica #98).

— 2002. Cultural responses to climatic changes in North Africa : beginning and spread of pastoralism in the Sahara. In :  Fekri A. Hassan [ed.], Droughts, Food and Culture. Ecological Change and Food Security in Africa’s Later Prehistory, New York / Boston / Dordrecht / London / Moscow, Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, pp. 209-223.

Barich (B.E.), Belluomini (G.), Bonadonna (F.P.), Alessio (M.) & Manfra (L.) 1984. Ecological and Cultural relevance of the recent new Radiocarbon dates from Libyan Sahara. In: L. Krzyzaniak & M. Kobusiewicz [eds.], Origin and Early Development of food-producing cultures in North-Eastern Africa, Poznan, Poznan Archaeological Museum, pp. 411-417.

Berger (A.L.) [ed.] 1984. Milankovitch and Climate. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.

— 1988. Milankovitch Theory and Climate. Reviews of Geophysics 26: 624–657.

Belluomini (G.) & Manfra (L.) 1987. Radiocarbon dates from the Tadrart Acacus Massif. In: B.E. Barich [ed.], Archaeology and Environment in the Libyan Sahara, Oxford, British Archaeological Reports, International Series 368.

Bouchud (J.) 1981. Étude de faunes holocènes provenant de la zone aride du Sahara atlantique. In : Préhistoire africaine. Mélanges offerts au Doyen Lionel Balout, réunis par Colette Roubet, Henri-Jean Hugot, Georges Souville, Paris, A.D.P.F., pp. 237-250.

Bradley (D.G.), Loftus (R.T.), Cunningham (P.) & MacHugh (D.E.) 1998. Genetics and Domestic Cattle Origins. Evolutionary Anthropology 6 : 79-86.

Bradley (D.G.), MacHugh (D.E.), Cunningham (P.) & Loftus (R.T.) 1996. Mitochondrial Diversity and the Origins of African and European Cattle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.)  93 (10): 5131–5135.

Brewer (D.J.), Redford (D.B.) & Redford (S.) 1994. Domestic Plants and Animals : The Egyptian Origins. Warminster : Aris & Phillips LTD, 149 p.

Cauvin (J.) 1997. Naissance des divinités, naissance de l'agriculture. La révolution des symboles au Néolithique. Paris: CNRS éditions.

Close (A.) 2001. Site E-75-8 Additional excavation of the seventh millenium site at Nabta Playa. In : Wendorf (Fred), Schild (Romuald) et al. [eds.], The Archaeology of Nabta Playa (Holocene Settlement of the Egyptian Sahara. Vol. 1), New York / Boston / Dordrecht / London / Moscow, Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, pp. 35-385.

— 2002. Sinai, Sahara, Sahel : the Introduction of Domestic Caprines to Africa. In : Tides of the Desert – Gezeiten der Wüste, Contributions to the Archaeology and Environmental History of Africa in Honour of Rudolph Küper, Köln, Africa Praehistorica 14, pp. 459-470.

Clutton-Brock (J.) 1993. The spread of domestic animals in Africa. In : Th. Shaw, P. Sinclair, B. Andah & A. Okpoko [eds.], The Archaeology of Africa : Food ; Metals and Towns, London/New York, Routledge, pp. 61-70.

Corridi (C.) 1998. Faunal remains from Holocene archaeological sites of the Tadrart Acacus and surroundings (Libyan Sahara). In : M. Cremaschi & S. di Lernia [eds.], Wadi TeshuinatPalaeoenvironment and Prehistory in south-western Fezzan (Libya), Milano, Centro Interuniversitario di ricerca per le civiltà e l’ambiente del Sahara antico, pp. 89-94.

Cremaschi (M.) & Di Lernia (S.) 1996.  Analysis of the Pleistocene-Holocene transition in the Central Sahara: culture and environment in the Uan Afuda Cave (Tadrart Acacus, Libya). In: Pwiti (G.) & Soper (R.) [eds.], Aspects of African Archaeology, Harare, University of Zimbabwe Publications, pp. 39-51.

Cremaschi (M.) & Zerboni (A.) 2003. Wet & Dry. Proxies for Holocene Climate Reconstruction in Central Sahara. The Case Study of the Acacus and Surrounding Ergs.   Norwich: University of East Anglia (Sahara Workshop, 12-13 June 2003).

DeMenocal (P.B.) 2001. Cultural Responses to Climate Changes During the Late Holocene. Science 292: 667-673.

Di Lernia (S.) 2002. Dry climatic events and cultural trajectories : adjusting middle Holocene pastoral economy of the Libyan Sahara. In :  Fekri A. Hassan [ed.], Droughts, Food and Culture. Ecological Change and Food Security in Africa’s Later Prehistory, New York / Boston / Dordrecht / London / Moscow, Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, pp. 225-250.

Di Lernia (S.) & Manzi (G.) 1998. Funerary practices and anthropological features at 8000-5000 BP. Some evidence from central-southern Acacus (Libyan Sahara). In : M. Cremaschi & S. di Lernia [eds.], Wadi TeshuinatPalaeoenvironment and Prehistory in south-western Fezzan (Libya), Milano, Centro Interuniversitario di ricerca per le civiltà e l’ambiente del Sahara antico, pp. 217-242.

Ehret (Chr.) 1993. Nilo-Saharans and the Saharo-Sudanese Neolithic. In : Th. Shaw, P. Sinclair, B. Andah & A. Okpoko [eds.], The Archaeology of Africa : Food ; Metals and Towns, London/New York, Routledge, pp. 104-125.

— 1999. Wer waren die Felsbildkünstler der Sahara ? Almogaren XXX : 77-94.

Garcea (E.) 1992. Il problema dell’adattamento dell’uomo all’ambiente sahariano nelle trasformazioni climatiche degli ultimi 20.000 anni. In : Marina Lupacciolu [dir.], Arte e culture del Sahara prehistorico, Roma, Quasar, pp. 57-61.

Garcea (E.) & Sebastiani (R.) 1995. Excavations at Uan Telocat (Libyan Sahara). Libya antiqua, New Series 1 : 49-55.

Gautier (A.) 1987a. The Archaeozoological sequence of the Acacus. In : Barbara E. Barich [ed.], Archaeology and Environment in the Libyan Sahara, The Excavatons in the Tadrart Acacus, 1978-1983, Oxford, BAR International Series 368, pp. 283-308.

— 1987b. Prehistoric Men and Cattle in North Africa : A Dearth of Data and a Surfeit of Models. In : Angela E. Close [ed.], Arid North Africa. Essays in Honor of Fred Wendorf, Dallas, S.M.U. Press, pp. 163-187.

— 2002. The evidence for the earliest livestock in North Africa : or adventures with large bovids, ovicaprins, dogs and pigs. In : Hassan (Fekri A.), Droughts, food and culture. Ecological change and food security in Africa’s later Prehistory, New York / Boston / Dordrecht / London / Moscow, Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, pp. 195-207.

— 2003. The Early to Late Neolithic Archeofaunas from Nabta and Bir Kiseiba. In : Wendorf (Fred), Schild (Romuald) [dir.], Holocene Settlement of the Egyptian Sahara. Volume I : The Archaeology of Nabta Playa, New York / Boston / Dordrecht / London / Moscoq : Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, pp. 609-635.

Gautier (A.) & Van Neer (W.), 1977-82. Prehistoric fauna from Ti-n-Torha (Tadrart Acacus, Libya). Origini  XI :  87-127.

Grigson (C.) 1991. An African origin for African Cattle ?some archaeological evidence. African Archaeological Review 9:119-144.

Hanotte (O.), Tawah (C.L.), Bradley (D.G.), Okomo (M.), Verjee (Y.), Ochieng (J.) & Rege (J.E.) 2000. Geographic distribution and frequency of a taurine Bos taurus and an indicine Bos indicus Y specific allele amongst sub-saharan African cattle breeds. Molecular Ecology  9 (4): 387-96.

Hanotte (O.), Bradley (D.G.), Ochieng (J.W.), Verjee (Y.), Hill (E.W.) & Rege (J.E.) 2002. African pastoralism: genetic imprints of origins and migrations. Science 296 (5566): 336-339.

Hassan (F.A.) 2000. Holocene Environmental Change and the Origins and Spread of Food Production in the Middle East. Adumatu 1 : 7-28.

Higgs (E.S.) 1967a. Faunal fluctuation and climate in Libya. In : Bishop (Walter W.) & Clark (J. Desmond), Background to Evolution in Africa, Cambridge, pp. 149-163.

— 1967b. Early domesticated animals in Libya. In : Bishop (Walter W.) & Clark (J. Desmond), Background to Evolution in Africa, Cambridge, pp. 165-173.

Hsü (K.J.) 2000. Klima macht Geschichte. Menschheitsgeschichte als Abbild der Klimaentwicklung. Zürich : Orell Füssli, 334 p.

Hugot (H.-J.) 1963. Recherches préhistoriques dans l'Ahaggar nord-occidental, 1950-1957. Alger : Mém. du C.R.A.P.E. I.

— 1974. Le Sahara avant le désert. Toulouse : Éd. des Hespérides.

Huyghe (D.), Watchman (A.), De Dapper (M.) & Marchi (E.) 2001. Dating Egypt's oldest 'art' : AMS 14C age determinations od rock varnishes covering petroglyphs at El-Hosh (Upper Egypt). Antiquity 75: 68-72.

Imbrie (J. & K.P.) 1979. Ice Ages: Solving the Mystery.  Short Hills (N.J.): Enslow.

Khalil (M.A.K.) & Rasmussen (R.A.) 1987. Atmospheric Methane: Trends over the Last 10,000 Years. Atmospheric Environment  21: 2445–2452. 

Klein (R.G.) & Scott (K.) 1986. Re-analysis of faunal assemblages from the Haua Fteah and other Late Quaternary archaeological sites in Cyrenaican Libya. Journal of Archaeological Science 13 : 143-165.

Kutzbach (J.E.) & Street-Perrott (F.A.) 1985. Milankovitch Forcing of Fluctuations in the Level of Tropical Lakes. Nature 317 : 130–134.

Le Quellec (J.-L.) 1998. Préhistoire et art rupestre au Sahara. Le Messak. Paris : Payot, 616 p., 189 fig.

Leroi-Gourhan 1997. Dictionnaire de la Préhistoire. Paris: PUF.

Loftus (R.T.), MacHugh (D.E.), Bradley (D.G.), Sharp (P.M.) & Cunningham (P.), 1994. Evidence for two independent domestications of cattle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 91 (7): 2757-2761.

Luikart (G.), Gielly (L.), Excoffier (L.), Vigne (J.-D.), Bouvet (J.) & Taberlet (P.) 2001. Multiple maternal origins and weak phylogeographic structure in domestic goats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences  (U.S.A.)  98 (10) : 5927-2932.

MacHugh (D.E.) & Bradley (D.G.) 2001. Livestock genetic origins : Goats buck the trend. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 98 (10) : 5382-5384.

Mann (M.E.) 2002. The Value of Multiple Proxies. Science 297: 1481-1482.

Markgraf (V.) 2001. Interhemispheric Climate Linkages. New York: Academic Press.

Martinson (D.) et al. 1987. Age Dating and the Orbital Theory of the Ice Ages: Development of a High-Resolution 0 to 300,000-Year Chronostratigraphy. Quaternary Research 27: 1–29.

Mattingly (David J.) [ed.] 2003. The archaeology of Fazzân. Volume 1, Synthesis. Tripoli / London : The Department of Antiquities / The Society for Libyan Studies.

Mauny (R.) 1967. L’Afrique et les origines de la domestication. In : W.W. Bishop (Walter W.) & J.D. Clark [eds.], Background to Evolution in Africa, Cambridge, pp. 583-599.

McBurney (C.B.M.) 1967. The Haua Fteah (Cyrenaica) and the Stone Age of the Southeast Mediterranean. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.

McDonald (M.A.) 1991. Origins of the Neolithic in the Nile Valley as seen from Dakhleh Oasis in the Egyptian Western Desert. Sahara 4 : 41-52.

Midant-Reynes (B.*) 2003. Aux origines de l’Égypte. Du Néolithique à l’émergence l’État. Paris: Arthème Fayard, 441 p., 84 fig.

Milankovitch (M.) 1920. Théorie mathématique des phénomènes thermiques produits par la radiation solaire. Paris : Gautier-Villars .

—1941. Kanon der Erdbestrahlung und seine Anwendung auf das Eiszeitenproblem. Beograd: Akademija Prirodnih Nauka, t. 133.

Monod (Th.) 1932. L'Adrar Ahnet, contribution à l'étude archéologique d'un district saharien. Paris : Travaux et Mémoires de l'Institut d'Ethnologie XIX.

Mori (F.) 1965. Tadrart Acacus. Arte rupestre e culture del Sahara preistorico. Torino : Einaudi.

—1998. The Great Civilisations of the Ancient Sahara. Roma : « L’Erma » di Bretschneider, 276 p., 208 fig.

Muzzolini (A.) 1986. L’art rupestre des massifs centraux sahariens. Oxford : BAR International Series 318, 355 p., 71 fig.

— 1989. Les débuts de la domestication des animaux en Afrique: faits et problèmes. Ethnozootechnie 42: 7-22.

— 1990. The Sheep in Saharan Rock Art. Rock Art Research 7 (2) : 93-109.

— 1993. L’origine des chèvres et des moutons domestiques en Afrique. Reconsidération de la thèse diffusionniste traditionnelle. Empuries 48-50 : 160-171.

— 1995. Les images rupestres du Sahara. Toulouse : Chez l’Auteur, 447 p., 510 fig. 

— 2000. Livestock in Saharan Rock Art. In : Blench (Roger M.) & MacDonald (Kevin C.), The Origins and Development of African Livestock : archaeology, genetics, linguistics and ethnography, London/New York, UCL Press, pp. 87-110.

Paris (François) 1997a. Les inhumations de Bos au Sahra méridional au Néolithique. Archaeozoologia IX: 113-122.

—1997b. Burials and the peopling of the Adrar Bous region. In: Barich (B. E.) & Gatto (M.C.) [eds.], Dynamics of populatioins, movements and responses to climatic change in Africa, Roma, Bonsignori, pp. 49-61.

—2000. African livestock remains from Saharan mortuary contexts. In: Blench (Roger) & MacDonald (K.) [eds.], The origins of African livestock, London, UCL, pp. 111-126.

Perry (Ch. A.) & Hsü (K. J.) 2000. Geophysical, archaeological and historical evidence support an solar-output model for climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 97 (23) : 12433-12438.

Petit-Maire (N.) 2002. Sahara. Sous le sable… des lacs. Un voyage dans le temps. Paris : CNRS Editions.

Pokras (E.M.) & Mix (A.C.) 1987. Earth’s Precession Cycle and Quaternary Climatic Changes in Tropical Africa. Nature 326 : 486–7.

Roset (J.P.) 1983. Les plus vieilles céramiques du Sahara. Archéologia 183: 43-50.

— 1996a : Les céramiques anciennes du Niger. In : La Préhistoire de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, St-Maur, Sépia, pp. 7-20.

— 1996b : La céramique des débuts de l’Holocène au Niger nord-oriental. Nouvelles datations, bilan des recherches. In : The Prehistory of Africa. XIII International Congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences. Forlì, Italia, 8-14 sept. 1996, Colloquia 15. Forlì, Abaco Edizioni, pp. 175-180.

Roubet (C.) 1978. Une économie pastorale, pré-agricole en Algérie orientale : le Néolithique de tradition capsienne. L’Anthropologie 82 : 583-586.

Ruddiman (W.F.) 2001. Earth's climate : past and future. New York : W. H. Freeman and co.

— 2003. The anthropogenic greenhouse era began thousands of years ago. Climatic Change 61: 261-293.

Sinnibaldi (M.), Marchese (S.) & Desiderio (C.) 1996. Radiocarbon dates for prehistoric rock paintings at Tadrart Acacus, Libya. In : The Prehistory of Africa, XIII International Congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences, Forlì, Italia, 8/14 september 1996, Colloquia 15. Forlì: ABACO Edizioni, pp. 75-83;

Smith (A.B.) 1989. The Near Eastern Connection : Early to Mid-Holocene relations between North Africa and the Levant. In : L. Krzyzaniak and M. Kobusiewicz [eds.], Late Prehistory and the Sahara, Poznán, Poznán Archaeological Museum, pp. 69-77.

— 1992. Pastoralism in Africa. Origins and Development Ecology. London: Hurst & Company.

Stokstad (E.) 2002. Archaeology. Early cowboys herded cattle in Africa. Science 296 (5566): 236.

Ters (M.)  1987.  Variations in Holocene sea level on the French Atlantic coast and their climatic significance.  In : M.R. Rampino, J.E. Sanders, W.S. Newman & L.K. Konigsson [Eds.], Climate: History, Periodicity, and Predictability, New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold, pp. 204-236.

Vermeersch (P.M.), Van Peer (Ph.), Moeyersons (J.), & Van Neer (W.) 1994. Sodmein Cave Site, Red Sea Moutains (Egypt). Sahara 6 : 31-40.

Wendorf (F.) 1987. Early domestic cattle in the Eastern Sahara. Palaeoecology of Africa and the Surrounding Islands 18: 441-448.

— 1994. Are the Early Holocene cattle in the Eastern Sahara domestic or wild? Evolutionary Anthropology 3: 118-128.

Wendorf (F.),  Schild (R.) et al., 2002. The archaeology of Nabta Playa. Holocene Settlement of the Egyptian Sahara Vol. 1. New York (NY): Kluwer Academic / Plenum.

Wengrow (D.) 2003. On desert origins for the ancien Egyptians. Antiquity 297: 597-601.