is a large (1,700,000 sqkm) North African country 90% covered by the Sahara. It is devoid of large mountain ranges creating a barrier between the Mediterranean Sea and the desert, like the Atlas ranges in Algeria and Morocco. Therefore in most of the country, vegetation is scarce and beside the edge of the northern plateaux (Jabal Nefusah and Jabal Akhdar) habitats are desertic. The desert reaches the sea along the shores of the Gulf of Sirt.

Libya is divided into 3 to 4 regions: Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, Fazzan and a large region including the Sirt Basin, the Kufrah Oases and the Libyan Desert, either included in Fazzan or referred to as Syrtica or Al Khalij. Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fazzan which have been prospected for beetles are quickly described and for each of these regions typical habitats are depicted and their characteristic plants and beetles listed.